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Made up of two main bones and several muscles, tendons, and ligaments, the shoulder joint is one of the most complex joints in your body. The complex structure of the shoulder joint attributes to its wide range of motion, which in turn makes shoulder joints more vulnerable to injuries.
While different musculoskeletal conditions may result in chronic shoulder pain, there are a few medical conditions that can cause shoulder pain to manifest suddenly and hinder your ability to move your shoulder and perform everyday tasks. In case you are experiencing sudden shoulder pain due to any of the following five reasons, you should seek immediate assistance of your North York physiotherapist to find relief from the pain and discomfort and restore your ability to move your shoulder in a pain-free, effortless manner.
1. Rotator Cuff Injury
Rotator cuff injuries are a common cause of shoulder pain in people of all age groups; however, people who repeatedly perform overhead motions are more prone to the injury, such as painters, carpenters, and baseball athletes. While performing certain physical therapy exercises that can help improve the flexibility and strength of the shoulder joint can help most patients recover from the injury very quickly, people with a history of repetitive injuries may require specialized treatment.
2. Frozen Shoulder
Frozen shoulder, which is also referred to as adhesive capsulitis, is characterized by pain, stiffness, and limited range of motion in the shoulder joint. The condition mostly affects individuals aged 40 to 65 years and is caused due to overuse or injury to the shoulder joint. The treatment of frozen shoulder involves physical therapy to restore motion and use of pain-killers and anti-inflammatory agents to relieve pain.
3. Dislocated Shoulder
The wide range of motion of the shoulder joint makes it vulnerable to dislocation. A partial dislocation of the shoulder joint causes the head of the upper arm bone to slide out of the socket slightly. On the other hand, a complete dislocation means that the bone is completely out of the socket. The dislocation of shoulder bone results in pain, weakness, stiffness, and bruising. Visiting a physiotherapist in this condition is essential in order to prevent further damage to ligaments and tendons.
4. Shoulder Sprain
The tearing of shoulder ligaments is referred to as a shoulder sprain. The symptoms of a shoulder sprain vary greatly depending on the extent of the injury. Rapid swelling, pain, tenderness, and limited range of motion of the shoulder joint are the most characteristic symptoms of a shoulder sprain. Pain-alleviating medications, ice therapy, and rest can help improve the symptoms.
5. Gouty Arthritis
Gouty arthritis is a type of arthritis in which uric acid crystals accumulate within joints to cause sudden pain and inflammation. The condition is characterized by high uric acid levels and a sudden throbbing pain that is worse during night. Treatment of gouty arthritis involves the use of certain medications, cold therapy and ice therapy.